Professor of International Economics
- Senior Research Fellow, Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm
- Non-resident Senior Fellow, Bruegel, Brussels
- Research Fellow, Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), London
- Senior Programme Associate, Global Economics Programme, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, Florence
- Associate Editor of Journal of World Trade
- The Law and Economics of Trade Agreements
- The Law and Economics of International Investment Agreements
- Industrial Organization and Antitrust
- Chief Reporter of the American Law Institute project Legal and Economic Principles of World Trade Law,
2002-2012 (jointly with Petros C. Mavroidis)
- Professor of International Economics, 1994-2007, and Deputy Director, 2000-2004, Institute for International
Economic Studies, Stockholm University
- Counsellor, Economics Research and Analysis Division, World Trade Organization, 1996-2000
- Marknadsdomstolen Justice (the Swedish supreme court for antitrust cases)
“International Investment Agreements: Efficient Means of Promoting Swedish Growth?” Report commissioned by The Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis, 2019 (with Pehr-Johan Norbäck)
“A Non-Technical Introduction to Economic Aspects of International Investment Agreements”, IFN Working Paper No. 1250, 2018 (with Pehr-Johan Norbäck)
“Investor-State vs. State-State Dispute Settlement”, IFN Working Paper No. 1248, 2018
“North-American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)”, Nationalencyclopedin, 2018
“Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)”, Nationalencyclopedin, 2018
“United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA)”, Nationalencyclopedin, 2018
“Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)”, Nationalencyclopedin, 2017
“Transatlantic Trade and Investment Agreement (TTIP)”, Nationalencyclopedin, 2017
“General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)”, Nationalencyklopedin, 2016
“World Trade Organization (WTO)”, Nationalencyklopedin, 2016
“Innebär TTIP och TPP att WTO är passé?”, 2015 (reviderad version publicerad i Ekonomisk Debatt)
“Investment Protection in Regional Trade Agreements”, 2015 (with Chad P. Bown)
“Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)”, Nationalencyklopedin 2015
“Trans-Pacific Partnership (TTP)”, Nationalencyklopedin 2015
The Law and Economics of International Investment Agreements
International investment agreements (IIAs) are state-to-state treaties that aim to promote foreign investment by protecting foreign investors against host country policy measures. IIAs typically require host countries to compensate investors in case of expropriation or measures with similar effects, and they contain a range of other provisions, including non-discrimination of foreign investment. The agreements normally include investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) mechanisms that enable foreign investors to litigate against host countries outside their domestic legal systems. IIAs have become highly controversial, being a main target for the critique against the main proposed or existing regional trade agreements, such as the EU-US Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), and the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA). The importance of IIAs in the policy debate notwithstanding, there hardly exist any economic analysis of the desirable design of IIAs, and their effects. The purpose of this project is to contribute the creation of such a field.
Standard-Essential Patents and the International Jurisdiction of National Antitrust
Technical standards, such as e.g. the 4G standard for mobile communication, often build on patented technologies. The underlying patents are then said to be “essential”. The standards are developed in a large number of standard-setting organizations (SSOs), in which firms and other interested parties participate. Since holders of essential patents could potentially exploit very significant market power, SSOs normally request its members to sell licenses for their essential patents on “fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory” (FRAND) terms. The FRAND notion is obviously very vague, and there are often conflicts between patent holders and prospective licensees regarding how to interpret the concept in practice. The main regulatory instrument to prevent holders of essential patents to charge excessive fees is antitrust, and in particular rules concerning “abuse of dominance”, or similar legislation.
A complicating factor for the antitrust enforcement of FRAND commitments is the fact that standards often have international implications. For instance, the 4G standard is used by firms and consumers across the world. At the same time, antitrust is conducted by national authorities. These authorities can be expected to be sensitive to national interests in various ways. This raises the question of how to allocate jurisdiction across these national authorities. The purpose of this project is to evaluate the economic desirability of the allocation that would follow from the “default rules” in Customary International Law, which is the main legal norm for the international allocation of jurisdiction.
WTO Dispute Settlement Data Set
Petros C. Mavroidis and I have compiled an extensive data set on the Dispute Settlement system of the WTO. The data set comprises almost 50 000 observations on legal and administrative aspects of all 507 WTO disputes initiated since the inception of the WTO 1 January 1995 to May 2016. The data set tracks each dispute from the initial Request for Consultations, through adjudication, and implementation. The data set, and the document “User’s Guide” describing the structure of the data, can be found at the Global Governance Program website.
Legal and Economic Principles of World Trade Law
Petros C. Mavroidis and I have been Co-Chief Reporters for the American Law Institute project Legal and Economic Principles of World Trade Law. In this long-run project, economists and lawyers jointly analyze the WTO Agreement and the case law from its Dispute Settlement system. To date, over 100 WTO disputes have been analyzed by dyads of economists and lawyers. The project is now run under the auspices of the Global Governance Program, European University Institute, Florence, with Chad Bown and Petros C. Mavroidis as project leaders.
WTO Dispute Settlement Data Set
Petros C. Mavroidis and I have compiled an extensive data set on the Dispute Settlement system of the WTO. The data set comprises almost 50 000 observations on legal and administrative aspects of all 507 WTO disputes initiated since the inception of the WTO 1 January 1995 to May 2016. The data set tracks each dispute from the initial Request for Consultations, through adjudication, and implementation. The data set, and the document “User’s Guide” describing the structure of the data, can be found at the EUI Global Governance Program website.
Email: A@B where A is henrik.horn and B is econ-law.se
Phone: +46 8 665 45 40
Updated: April 2019